Rectum Cancer is also known as Rectal Cancer. This is a type of cancer that develops in the Rectum. The Rectum is the last 6 inches part of the large intestine. The rectal ampulla mainly acts as a temporary storehouse for feces. Rectal cancer arises from the lining of the rectum as well as can occur in men and women. In Rectal Cancer, malignant cells are formed in the tissues of the Rectum. Rectal Cancer is curable if detected at earliest stage. Older age people are at higher risk of getting rectal cancer.
Rectum Cancer occurs when cells in the rectum develop mutations in their DNA. These mutations cause cells to grow rapidly and uncontrollably. This accumulation of cells forms a tumor. If Rectum cancer is not treated on time then it spreads to nearby organs. Rectal Cancer is one of the most complex types of cancer. Dr Amit Chakraborty is a highly experienced, proficient and renowned Cancer Surgeon. He has treated lots of complex Rectum Cancer cases successfully.
Symptoms of Rectum Cancer
Common symptoms of Rectum Cancer include:
Causes of Rectum Cancer
In some families, gene mutations passed from parents to children increase the risk of colorectal cancer. The two well-defined genetic colorectal cancer syndromes are:
Risk factors for Rectum Cancer
The unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of Rectum cancer. Major risk factors include:
Diagnosis of Rectum Cancer
Early diagnosis of any cancer is always helpful to cure cancer completely. Various diagnosis methods include:
Treatment of Rectum Cancer
Rectum Cancer treatment is mainly depending on the type, stage and health conditions of patient. Rectum cancer needs more than one treatment type. Rectal cancer treatments are same as that of the other cancer treatment methods which mainly include:
The main goal of Rectum Cancer surgery is to prevent growth of cancerous cells. Cancer Surgeon decides surgery depending on the type and stage of cancer. Surgery is performed to remove cancerous tumor. For many patients, surgery is combined with other cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Today most of the cancer surgeries are performed by minimally invasive techniques.
Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams from sources such as X-rays and protons to kill cancer cells. If surgery is not an option then Cancer Surgeon performs combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy as a primary treatment.
In Chemotherapy treatment, powerful drugs are used to kill cancerous cells. Chemotherapy is often used after the surgery to kill any cancer cells that remained in the body. It can be used alone or combined with radiation therapy.
Rectum Cancer is preventable and curable. Today various advanced treatments are developed to cure and control rectal cancer. Dr Amit Cancer Care Clinic strictly follows all the standards for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer. Dr Amit Cancer Care Clinic is a well equipped with advanced medical equipments to treat all types and stages of cancer.