Larynx is the voice box in the neck. It produces vocal sounds and prevents the passage of food and other foreign particles into the lower respiratory tracts. Cancers which starts in the larynx are called Laryngeal cancers. Hypopharynx is also known as gullet and it is the lower part of the throat. Cancers starts in the hypopharynx are called as Hypopharyngeal cancers. Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal cancers are two main types of cancer in the head and neck region. Almost all cancers in the larynx or hypopharynx develop from thin, flat cells called squamous cells.
Dr Amit Chakraborty is a very skillful, well experienced and capable Cancer Surgeon. He is an expert in Voice Box (Larynx) surgery. Dr Amit Chakraborty has mastery in Artificial Voice Box implantation.
Signs and Symptoms
In most cases, laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers show common symptoms such as:
Major causes of Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal cancers are:
Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer is curable if it is detected at early stage. Various diagnosis options include:
Types of Treatments
Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer treatment depends on the stages and severity of cancer.
Laryngeal Cancer treatment depend on the stages of cancer
Hypopharyngeal Cancer treatment depend on the stages of cancer
Partial and Total Laryngectomy (Half and Full Voice Box Removing)
A Laryngectomy is the surgical procedure of removing part or the entire larynx (voice box). Cancer Surgeon performs Laryngectomy in the treatment of Laryngeal cancer. Main types of Laryngectomy surgeries are:
The Partial Laryngectomy is a surgical procedure performed on the voice box to preserve the patient’s voice. In this procedure, surgeon removes part (half) of the voice box mainly including one vocal cord and part of a cord. Partial Laryngectomy is a very beneficial surgery for a throat cancer patient not only in retaining some normal speech but also in doing normal swallowing function.
In Total Laryngectomy surgical procedure, a whole larynx (voice box) is removed. Doctor creates a permanent stoma (tracheostomy) for breathing. This procedure involves the removal of a portion of the pharynx (the tubular structure connecting the nose, larynx and lungs), some lymph nodes and some nearby muscles. Total Laryngectomy is done in case of advanced stage of Larynx Cancer. After the Total Laryngectomy, patient can swallow food and liquid without any major problem for about six months. But after six months of surgery, it is necessary to implant Artificial Voice Box for normal swallowing of food.
Artificial Voice Box
Patients with a Partial Laryngectomy are more likely to have a better quality of life than patients with a Total Laryngectomy. Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer is preventable and curable. Today various advanced treatment options are developed to cure and control cancer.
Dr Amit Cancer Care Clinic is a well equipped with advanced medical technology to provide world class treatments to all types of cancer patients. Dr Amit Cancer Care Clinic strictly follows all the medical standards for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer disease.