G.I. Malignancy

GI Malignancy is also known as GI (Gastrointestinal) Cancer. It is a malignant or cancerous condition of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract). GI cancer mainly affects the organs of digestive system. Human digestive system includes various organs such as esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus. GI Malignancy includes cancers of the Oesophagus, Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, Liver, Pancreas, Stomach, Small Intestine, Bowel (Large Intestine or Colon and Rectum) and Anus. GI cancer can occur in any men and women.

Dr Amit Chakraborty is an efficient, skilled and highly experienced Cancer Surgeon. Doctor has treated lots of complicated GI malignancy cases successfully.

Types of GI Malignancy

Common types of Gastrointestinal Cancers are:

  • Esophageal cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Gallbladder and Biliary Tract cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
  • Liver cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Anal cancer

Esophageal Cancer

This is a rare type of cancer. Esophagus is a tube which transports food from mouth to stomach. In this type of cancer, malignant cancer cells form in the tissue of the Esophagus.

Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer occurs due to the formation of cancerous cells in the wall of the stomach. Gastric Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of stomach cancer.


Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic Cancer occurs due to the malignant cancer cells in the parts of the Pancreas. 90% of pancreatic cancers arise from exocrine cells.

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer occurs in two situations. In primary liver cancer, malignant cells first form and spread in the liver and in secondary live cancer, cancer begins in another part of the body later spreads to the liver.

Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Cancer

Gallbladder cancer is a rare cancer where malignant cancer cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder. Biliary Cancer occurs in the Bile Ducts.

Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine. It is also known as Colorectal Cancer. In Colon cancer, cancerous cells grow in the wall of the large bowel.

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Gastro-intestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is a rare type of cancer found in the gastro-intestinal tract.

Anal Cancer

Anal Cancer occurs due to the formation of Cancerous cells in the tissues of the Anal. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of Anal Cancer.

Causes and Risk Factors of GI Malignancy

Major causes and risk factors of GI cancer include

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Increasing Age
  • Diet containing high amount of salt, animal fat and poorly preserved foods
  • Obesity
  • Chronic Pancreatitis.

Symptoms of GI Malignancy

Common GI cancer symptoms are

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Change in bowel habits, such as frequency or consistency or shape
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in stool
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Fatigue

Diagnosis of GI Malignancy

GI cancer is diagnosed by using various tests such as:

  • Imaging Test
  • Lab Test
  • Biopsies
  • Endoscopy

Treatment of GI Malignancy

GI Malignancy treatment is depending on the stage and type of cancer. Common treatment options are:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy

Gastrointestinal Cancer is one of the most complex types of cancer. Early detection is very crucial for the complete cure of GI Malignancy.

Dr Amit Cancer Care Clinic is a highly advanced and well equipped with modern medical technology to treat all types of cancers.

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