Esophageal Cancer is a type of cancer which occurs in the Esophagus. The Esophagus is a hollow, muscular tube that connects the throat (pharynx) with the stomach. Its main function is to carry food and liquids from throat to the stomach. Esophageal Cancer is one of the complicated cancer types. Men are more likely to get Esophageal Cancer than women.
Esophageal cancer usually begins in the cells which are located inside the Esophagus. This type of Cancer can be occurred anywhere along the esophagus. Esophageal cancer occurs when cells in esophagus develop errors or mutations in their DNA, so that cells start growing rapidly. The accumulation of abnormal cells forms a tumor in the esophagus. Dr Amit Chakraborty is a well experienced and proficient Cancer Surgeon. He has successfully treated lots of mild to severe Esophageal Cancer cases.
Types of Esophageal Cancer:
Esophageal cancer is classified according to the type of cells. The type of esophageal cancer helps to determine treatment options. There are two common types of esophageal cancer:
Signs and Symptoms of Esophageal Cancer:
Many times patients do not experience symptoms at the early stage. As cancer progresses, patient starts experiencing symptoms like:
Causes of Esophageal Cancer:
Common causes of Esophageal Cancer include:
Diagnosis of Esophageal Cancer:
Tests and procedures used to diagnose esophageal cancer include:
Treatment of Esophageal Cancer:
Cancer Surgeon decides most effective treatment option as per the patient’s health condition, types of cells involved and stages. Various treatment options are:
Surgery to remove very small tumors
If the cancer is a small or at the very first stage and hasn’t spread to other parts, then doctor removes tumor by using a minimally invasive techniques. Doctor performs surgery with the help of endoscope or several small incisions are made to remove tumor.
In this surgery, the affected portion of Esophagus is removed. Generally doctor removes the portion which contains tumor.
During Esophagogastrectomy, surgeon removes the part of esophagus, nearby lymph nodes and a larger part of stomach to avoid further complications.
Other Cancer treatment options are Radio-surgery, Targeted Drug therapy, Immunotherapy and Palliative Care. Mostly, Esophageal cancer is detected in the advanced stages hence it can only be treated but not cured. Patient’s chances of survival can improve with surgery if the cancer hasn’t spread outside of esophagus.
Today various modern cancer treatments are available not only to control and but also to cure the cancer. Early detection plays an important role in the complete cure or control of Esophageal Cancer. Dr Amit Cancer Care Clinic is a well equipped with advanced medical equipments to treat all types and stages of cancer.